Orthopaedic physiotherapy is an area of physiotherapy that is focused on the treatment and management of conditions related to the musculoskeletal system, this being the skeleton and the muscles surrounding it.
The human body is a system of bones, muscles, nerves ad blood vessels, all these systems work together in order to allow the ability of the body to move and function. The movement and function takes place around our joints, namely shoulders, elbows, wrists, vertebral joints, hips, knees and ankles.
Because of the movement of the joints and the muscles acting across them there is the risk of injury to these joints, these injuries could be traumatic injuries in which fractures, ligament rupture and muscle tears can occur which may or may not require surgery or injuries could be due to a degenerative process as in the case of the hip and knee joint as well as the vertebral column.
A lot of the time degenerative conditions may require surgery in which hip and knee replacement procedures can be done, spinal surgeries can also be done such as laminectomy procedures and spinal fusion procedures.
With both traumatic and degenerative conditions physiotherapy can be indicated to help in the recovery and rehabilitation process, the physiotherapy treatment can include re-education of walking, exercises to help with strengthening and mobility, advice on how to best manage your condition at home, treatment can also include manual techniques to help with joint mobility, to release soft tissue and improve functionality.
The goal of physiotherapy is to maximise your functional ability and to ensure a complete recovery.